Multagri is a Specific Support Action undertaken within the 6th Framework Research Programme of the European Commission. With a partnership of 26 research organisations from 15 countries this project will provide a comprehensive overview of existing research, particularly in Europe, on different aspects of the multifunctionality of agriculture.

The essential approach adopted in this initiative is based on the premise that the multifunctional character of agriculture must be acknowledged and promoted in order for agriculture to become sustainable (and fulfil its potential as a central pillar of sustainable development).

A long term goal : an european model of agriculture

The EU has ratified a European Model of Agriculture that is evolving towards this new multifunctional, sustainable, paradigm. Citizens acknowledge the importance of agriculture as a provider of non-agricultural related goods and services. It is now necessary to examine, and more precisely define, the multiple roles and functions of agriculture (i.e. its multifunctional character), the suitable parameters and indicators to assess them, and the (private and public) goods and services that it provides.
For agriculture to play an effective role in securing better social, environmental and economic conditions for sustainable development, a broader approach to multifunctional and sustainable agriculture, and the role they play in wider rural development, needs to be developed.

A method to contribute to European research goals

Although the notion of multifunctionality only recently appeared on international political agendas, numerous social, cultural, technical and research practices have already referred to it, either explicitly or implicitly. Thus the concept of multifunctionality is already embedded in a broad range of research approaches, scientific disciplines and social practices. In some areas there is a long established body of work on such practices. It is important to structure, assess and interpret this research work within a global framework of multifunctionality and sustainable agricultural development. This will enable the identification of relevant questions for future research. This will be the role of Multagri, which will reinforce and promote sustainable agriculture and integrated rural development by building on the results of such research.

The results of existing research will be developed through six stages.:

1. Evaluating the state-of-the-art of current research.

2. Further analysis and understanding of ongoing research work.

3. Identifying the main institutions and networks involved in this type of research, both inside and outside Europe, and paying special attention to new EU member countries.

4. Identifying the different disciplines and scientific approaches that are generating knowledge and conceptual backgrounds in this area.

5. Providing a conceptual and analytical framework that allows for the identification of approaches and topics for further research.

6. Formulating recommendations for a future research agenda concerning the multifunctionality of agriculture and rural areas.

Six research issues

There is already a broad and diverse range of scientific disciplines, research approaches and social practices that are relevant to a state-of-the-art review of research. Six thematic axes of research have been identified in order to structure these and guide the development of recommendations for promising lines of future research, within the wider topic of multifunctional and sustainable agriculture:

i) Definitions, references and interpretations of the concept of multifunctionality and its contribution to sustainable development.

ii) Consumer and societal demands

iii) Knowledge, models, techniques, tools and indicators for examining the multifunctionality of agriculture.

iv) Multifunctionality of activities, plurality of identities, and new institutional arrangements.

v) Setting-up and management of public policies with multifunctional purpose: connecting agriculture with new markets and services and rural SMEs

vi) Evaluation of policies with respect to multifunctionality of agriculture: observation tools and support for policy formulation and evaluation.

Impact, results and dissemination

The results of Multagri will contribute to a better understanding amongst policy makers, stakeholder groups, scientists and society at large, of the current and potential impacts of EU policies on the economic, environmental and social sustainability of agriculture and rural development.

The Multagri project will
-organise several European workshops strengthening European research capacity in this area ;
-deliver free access to its scientific reports on the website ;
-contribute to the development of a future research agenda through by a concluding international seminar.

You have gone to the gym and given it your all. You have pushed your muscles to failure, leaving them burning. But you have not seen the results you were expecting. Muscle growth is more than just the lifting, it also involves what happens after you are done with the weights. Muscle growth will not happen if there is no proper recovery protocol. When lifting weights, your muscles suffer microtears and are broken down by a process known as catabolism. When you are done lifting, the body begins the process of repairs, but it will need your help.

If you are looking to make the most out of your workouts, post-workout recovery should be part of your plan. Below are some great tips for fast muscle recovery.

Push the barrier, but you should not annihilate it

The most common phrase you will hear at the gym is “no pain, no gain”. Pushing beyond your limits is good when working out, but it is important to know how far to push. There is no need to push too hard till your muscles ache for days. When you continue to work your body to extreme exhaustion, the damage will accumulate with time and the body will be spending a lot of energy on repairing the effects of the damage instead of building new muscle. Try working out hard where you are pushing yourself past the comfort zone without destroying your body.

Always Stretch

People looking to gain muscle sometimes see stretching as nothing important, but it is. Stretching will help with flexibility and muscle pliability, and you will be able to get more muscular gain when doing compound lifts. If the ankles are too tight, it limits how deep your squats can be. After you are done working out, set aside a couple of minutes to cool down and stretch. Stretching after a workout will help in relieving muscular tension and downplaying the soreness later.

Quality Sleep

Sleep is one of the most important things when it comes to muscle gain. The body will restore itself when you are sleeping, the more the better. You should try getting at least seven hours of sleep every night. You should plan out your day so you end up with enough hours for your sleep. You also need to limit the use of devices before going to bed because it can mean having to wait long before you fall asleep.

The above tips will go a long way in helping you with your muscle recovery.

For the bodybuilders and athletes, the best time of the year is the bulking season. There are so many supplements in the market that can help them achieve the muscle gain and amazingly ripped body in the shortest time possible. The only problem is, how to choose the right supplements that will help them build up muscles rather than fat. No one wants to waste their time or money on supplements that will not work and full of side effects.

The company addressed these problems by developing the Crazy Bulk Bulking Stack. The Bulking Stack has tons of legal and safe ingredients that can help a person gain mass. To eliminate any health risk as well as avoid violating laws for the use of illegal steroids, Crazy Bulk created completely safe alternatives that are risk-free. These alternatives are safe forms of the
potent yet controversial steroids trenbolone, decadurobin, and Dianabol. The Bulking Stack is composed of D-Bal (Dianabol), Decaduro (Decadurobin), Trenorol (Trenbolone) and the testosterone booster, Testosterone Max.


D-Bal is considered to be the king of the Bulking Stack. Although the Bulking Stack was created to be used together to enhance the muscle gains, you can still choose one and the best would be D-Bal. It speeds up the protein synthesis process and increases its frequency in order to quicken the muscle building process and increase the muscle mass.


The legal but equally effective counterpart of Decadurobolin, Decaduro increases the nitrogen retention in the muscles which is an important building block of protein. By increasing nitrogen retention, you will also amplify the amount of protein accessible for your muscles. Taking Decaduro with D-Bal will result in a dramatic increase in protein production. Decaduro contains Panax ginseng, Tribulus Terrestris, L-citrulline, acetyl L-carnitine, wild yam root, and L-arginine.

Testosterone Max

Testosterone is necessary for muscle buildup and the performance of other body functions that need energy. When you take D-Bal and Decaduro, your muscles will do a lot of work and use more energy. By taking the Testosterone Max testosterone booster, you can ensure that your body will have a continuous energy to build more muscles efficiently. Testosterone also has the ability to push out fat and replace it with muscle mass – the reason why most bodybuilders and athletes use testosterone boosters to build muscles the shortest time possible. Testosterone Max contains the following ingredients: cholecalciferol, D aspartic acid, selenium, Tribulus Terrestris, calcium pantothenate, Panax ginseng, riboflavin, fenugreek extract, pyridoxine hydrochloride, and zinc gluconate.


When taking Testosterone Max the testosterone levels will increase and the tendency is, the extra testosterone will bind with the SHBG hormone in the body. This will hinder the effective performance of testosterone. To prevent this to happen, you need to use Trenorol. Trenorol will keep the testosterone from binding with SHBG, making it more effective to use the body.

The formula uses pepsin, beta-sitosterol, nettle leaf extract, and samento inner bark. If you’re looking for a set of supplements that help you pack a lot of muscles in just a short period of time then the Bulking Stack is your best bet. Considering the benefits that you’re going to get from taking them as well as the safety and effectiveness, the price is reasonable enough.

A lot of people want to own something like a full body massage chair. However, not everyone can justify the high cost of a purchase like this. Some people assume that the chairs aren’t a worthwhile expense. Full body massage chairs can be costly, but they are also a great investment. Here’s why you should buy a chair like this for your home.

They Can Help You To Relax

Stress is a major problem for a lot of people. Many people struggle to unwind when they get home from work at the end of the day. If you’re one of these people, you should be looking at massage chairs. The right chair will be able to provide you with the kind of relaxation that you need.

When you sit in one of these chairs, you’ll be able to get a deep, full body massage. Getting a massage like this feels absolutely incredible. When you’re in your own Earthlite massage chair, you’ll feel all of your troubles melt away.

It Can Improve Your Health

Stress can be difficult to manage, but it can also take a real toll on a person’s health. In fact, stress can lead to heart disease. Managing your stress isn’t just about improving your quality of life. It’s about extending your life.

In addition to that, stress can help you to deal with chronic pain. If you have neck, shoulder, or back pain, the right chair will be able to take care of that for you. You can get relief without having to rely on painkillers.

A Chair Is An Affordable Way To Get Regular Massages

If you get professional massages on a regular basis, you’re going to be spending a lot. If you compare those costs to the costs of using a massage chair, you’ll be able to save quite a bit of money.

Chairs are one of the most affordable ways to get frequent massages. Not everyone can afford to go to a professional all the time, and that’s perfectly fine. What matters is that you can get massages when you need them. Invest in a chair so that your body can get the care that it deserves.

As you can see, there are plenty of reasons to purchase full body massage chairs. Start looking at different chairs. See how much they would cost you. Decide whether or not you would like to have a chair like this in your life.

Oral health and hygiene is very important as it plays the lead role in facilitating that perfect smile and personal satisfaction. For this, a thorough and wholesome dental examination is necessary followed by regular checkups. It is therefore important to get the right dentist who will have a personal interest in your oral health, as well as your overall health.

Dentistry in Mumbai, has been perfected thanks to the suitable blend of qualities by a professional dentist. With the most advanced and comfortable facilities, get the best dental experience for you and your family’s dental needs. It is all in the details with a good dentist that is why this dentist always begins with a thorough dental check up which entails the inspection of the teeth, lips, tongue, gums, palate, the cheek interior, skin covering the face and feeling the neck area to check for abnormal lymph nodes.

The most advanced procedures in reconstructive and cosmetic dentistry are offered to provide for the different dental needs for people of all ages to cover your whole family. From invisalign invisible braces treatments to whitening and bonding different procedures for different needs are just part of a day’s job.

The highly professional and courteous dentist ensures that he follows up with every client making your oral health a priority with services like routine tooth cleaning, periodontal examinations, fluoride treatments and other dental services which you can get more information on the official website.

Learn more on how you and your family can get the best dentistry services by visiting the official websites of the dentists. Also you can learn more about how you can improve your overall oral hygiene to give you that perfect smile.

muscle1Do you believe that size really matters? Yes, it really does. According to research, women experience a more fulfilling orgasm if their mate got a good size of penis. Truly, lucky are those men who have this gift. But for those who don’t have this gift, they usually experience low self-esteem and annoying sex life. This is just one of the many reasons why there are numerous penile extender products that are sprouting in the market. The SizeGenetics have been often imitated, therefore, if you feel the need of this device, don’t look for another but only the authentic SizeGenetics Canada. This has been developed for more than a decade and re-developed recently to provide you with comfort and more efficiency.

Men can benefit safe and pain-free solution to lengthen and enlarge penis through certain device from SizeGenetics. It can’t only add some inch but it can also correct those curved penises. This device is medically proven which enhances the girth and adds length to your penis within the comfort of your home. You have to set a particular stress which pulls your penis with just right strength. Through this tissues from your penis will get multiplied which can boost up penile size.

The benefits you can get from devices produced by SizeGenetics company are truly worthwhile. So, if you have great desires to increase the size of your penis, these devices could be your ultimate ally.

Everybody is talking about green coffee bean extract but very few people know why it helps with weight loss. Some might choose to take it for granted but there are still people that have questions about it.

The hype was driven by Doctor Oz’s take on green coffee ( According to Oz, the substance is much more effective than caffeine, a chemical that is present in almost all weight loss supplements. The active ingredients that help with weight loss are actually destroyed when the beans are roasted. All the substances that help the body lose weight are present in the natural form of coffee. The extract itself does not contain caffeine.

gcb-1Looking at the effectiveness of the supplement, its fat burning properties were documented in multiple researches but also on a televised experiment. 100 people participated in the study and half of them were given a placebo and the other half received the real product. After two weeks, the group that received the green bean supplement ( managed to lose 81 pounds in total. That is around 1 pound per week per individual. None of the participants changed their diet or eating habits.

The results of the experiment proved that the substance is not only a placebo. It can help burn fat and despite its positive results, the full potential of green coffee bean is unleashed if the diet is controlled. Individuals with weight problems tend to have a careless attitude towards what they eat and thus consume more calories than they need. Even under these circumstances, the supplement was able to prevent weight gain and actually reverse it. If a proper diet is followed, the weight loss potential increases exponentially. The experiment itself brought even more attention over the product and more and more success stories are being heard every single day over the internet.